Past perfect und past perfect progressive
Ein wichtiges Thema in der 6. Klasse in Englisch sind die Vergangenheitsformen. Genau dazu liefert dieser Artikel Erklärungen und Beispiele.
1. Past perfect
had + past participle
We had travelled to Spain.
We had gone home early.
arrive – arrived
clap – clapped
try – tried
play – played
Peter couldn’t call Sandy because he had lost her number.
I had never seen a camel before I went to Egypt.
I had already eaten when John called and invited me to dinner.
After the Millers had saved some money, they went on a trip to Dubai.
The children had already laid the table when Mrs. Miller came home.
When Mrs. Miller came home, the children had already laid the table.
After they had immigrated to America, they travelled to California.
2. Past perfect progressive2.1 Bildung
had + been + present participle
prepare – preparing
cut – cutting
lie – lying
play – playing
Mary had been waiting for one hour when the train came.
I had been talking to Jane for hours before I talked to Sam.
After Katie had been helping her dad all morning, she met her friends.
all (day/ week/…)
den ganzen (Tag/ Woche…)
3.1 Fill in the verbs plan, put, show, go using past perfect
a) Mandy wanted to ask her Mum to give her some money. But she … to the tennis club.
b) Tim put on his trousers. As soon as he … them on, the door-bell rang.
c) “Sorry, boys,” said Sandra, after she … Tina her empty purse, “but you’ll have to pay for me and Tina too this evening.”
d) It was 7.30. Mandy and her friends … to leave at 7.15.
3.2 Complete the sentences using past perfect progressive
Example: Mrs Wilson/decide to sit down/12.30pm – she/run around/all morning
Mrs Wilson decided to sit down at 12.30pm. She had been running around all morning.
a) John/arrive/7.30pm – Tim/wait/since 7.15
b) Mr and Mrs Hunt/say goodbye to Mr Wilson/10pm – their daughter Kate/read/all evening
c) The policeman/be tired/11pm – he/work/for hours
d) Jane/wake up/6am – she/sleep/all night
a) Wir hatten den ganzen Tag am Flughafen gewartet.
b) Ich hatte zwei Stunden mit der Sekretärin gesprochen, bevor ich den Chef sehen durfte.
c) Nachdem Peter etwas Geld gespart hatte, kaufte er neue Kopfhörer.
d) Bevor er in Australien war, hatte er noch nie einen Koala gesehen.
4. Lösungen zu den Übungsaufgaben
a) had gone
b) had put
c) had shown
d) had planned
a) John arrived at 7.30pm. Tim had been waiting since 7.15.
b) Mr and Mrs Hunt said goodbye to Mr Wilson at 10pm. Their daughter Kate had been reading all evening.
c) The policeman was tired at 11pm. He had been working for hours.
d) Jane woke up at 6am. She had been sleeping all night.
a) We had been waiting at the airport all day.
b) I had been talking to the secretary for two hours before I could/ was allowed to see the boss.
c) After Peter had saved some money, he bought new headphones.
d) Before he was in Australia, he had never seen a koala.